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Usually in India Brahmins are catagorised in to saiva, vaishnava and saktheya followers.
It is supposed that Sivadwija brahmins belong to saiva tradition and most of the families are settled near shiva temples or temples of siva tradition i. e. subraminian, ganapathi etc. in various parts of Kerala. This gives a hint that most of these brahmins used to be worshipping and were the priests of Shiva temples from ancient time.
Legent saya that Parasurama brought a group of brahmins(1008 families) from the eastern coasts of India to the Vaikom Perum Trikkovil of Kerala and were given Ownership, Priestship and Management of the various temples residing nearby these temples. Moothaths are these Brahmins. Travancore State Manual catagorise moothths as Ambalavasi . But in the Travancore Census Reports moothathus are mentioned as Malayala Brahmins and as ShivaDwijas.
Ullur Parameswara Ayyar in his 'Kerala Sahitya Charitram' said that, in the ancient period, Moosads were the priests of Siva Temples in Kerala. In the book 'Sucheendram Sthala Mahatmyam', it is mentioned that, in the Period of Aayilyam Thirunal, Vaikom Pachu Muttatu was appointed as the Vattappallisthanikar of Sucheendram Temple. The book 'Thiruvithamkoor Charitram', written by Pachu Muthatu, is one of the ancient Historical Books on Kerala. Sri. Thiruvangodu Krishnakurupu in his book “Kerala charithram Parasuramaniloote” published by SPCS stated that people of the Moothathu caste as being normally educated and calm in manners. Moothathus are supposed to had ousted from the priest job and had to take up other temple duties like cleaning sopanam and Sreebali etc. due to Nampoothiri invasion to the temples.
As mentioned above shivadwijas who were brought were given Onwership(Oorayma), management(karaima) & priestship of the temples were reduced to Management or Karaima (inside temple). Their duties include taking the Ottu thidambu during Seeveli (Sree Bhutha bali), Attend inside Sreekovil during Deeparadhana, cleaning of Sopanam which is considered as "padam" of deity, arranging ingredients for temple requirements & festivals, and for Yagnas & yagas too ( though symbolically in the present times). In some illoms arranging Malar for Malar Nivedyam were the duties of Manayammas.
But even now Kunnath illam, Peralassery in Kannur district upkeeps the trusteeship of Sri Peralassery Temple. Sri Peralassery temple is one of the special grade temples under Malabar Devaswom board.
Sivadwija(Moothath) community of Kerala brahamins which consist about of 200 illoms and about 2500 members. These members are also known as “ Moosad”. Total number of community members may be small but their contribution Vaidyam, Jyothisham, history, literture, Autobiographysome of our ancestors are well known and Vaikath Pachu moothathu is the pioneer of autobiography in malayalam and the concept lottery. Most of them were the authority in theire respective field. To name some of them were Vaikath Pachu Moothathu, Punnasseri Nambi Neelakanta Sarma, Vachaspathy T. C. Parameswaran Moothathu. Though our community is recognized to be an “Ambalavasi”, traditionally we followed shodasopacharam. Members of our community spread abroad also. Some of us are renowned in there respective field too, to name medical, admistration, journalism, IT, nanotechnology and neurotechnology.
It is known to me that there is a registered company named sivadwija samajam with a headquarters in an illam at Ernakulam. May I ask before you to take as many share as you can and revive it in to the life of twentyfirst centuary.
Kunnath illam, P.O. Mundalur, 670 622
Kannur, Kerala, India